1. A patient with a malignant pleural effusion has an indwelling
PleurX catheter placed during his hospitalization and is now ready for hospital
discharge. The nurse on the ward asks you to assist with discharge planning of
the patient with this device.
2. A patient with ARDS experiences subcutaneous emphysema.
How does the clinician determine where the air leak is occurring? Is a
pneumothorax always present?