Month: October 2020

Normal Laboratory Values

Notes Common Laboratory Test SERUM ELECTROLYTES Sodium (Na+) 135—145 mEq/L Potassium (K+) 3.5—5.5 mEq/L Chloride (Cl-) 95—105 mEq/L Calcium 8.5—10.9 mEq/L Calcium, ionized 2.24—2.46 mEq/L Magnesium (Mg) 1.5—2.5 mEq/L Phosphorus (P) 2.5—4.5 mEq/L COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT Red Blood Cell (RBC) M: 4.5—5.5 F: 4.0—4.9 x105/ml White Blood Cell (WBC) 4,500—10,000 cells/mcL Platelets 100,000—450,000 cells/mcL Hemoglobin (Hgb) M: 13.5—16.5 F: 12.0—15.0 Pregnant: 10—15 […]

Asthma Nursing Care Plan & Management

Notes Definition Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by hyper-responsiveness, mucosal edema, and mucus production. This inflammation ultimately leads to recurrent episodes of asthma symptoms: cough, chest tightness, wheezing, and dyspnea. Patients with asthma may experience symptom-free periods alternating with acute exacerbations that last from minutes to hours or days. Asthma, the most common chronic […]

Bell’s Palsy

Notes Definition  palsy (facial paralysis) is due to peripheral involvement of the seventh cranial nerve on one side, which results in weakness or paralysis of the facial muscles. The cause is unknown, but possible causes may include vascular ischemia, viral disease (herpes simplex, herpes zoster), autoimmune disease, or a combination. Bell’s palsy may represent a type of pressure […]

Pituitary Hormone Drugs Nursing Considerations & Management

Notes Table of Common Drugs and Generic Names Here is a table of commonly encountered pituitary agents, their generic names, and brand names: Classification Generic Name Brand Name Anterior Pituitary Hormone Drugs Growth Hormone Agonists somatropin Nutropin, Saizen, Humatrope Growth Hormone Antagonists bromocriptine Parlodel lantreolide Somatuline Depot octreotide Sandostatin pegvisomant Somavert Other Drugs Affecting Anterior […]

Enterobiasis Nursing Management

Notes Description Enterobiasis (also called pinworm, seatworm, or threadworm infection) is a benign intestinal disease caused by the nematode Enterobius vermicularis. It is the most prevalent helminthic infection in the United States. Enterobius vermicularis is a small nematode. This common helminthic infestation has an estimated prevalence of 40 million infected individuals in the United States. The […]

Intussusception Nursing Care Plan & Management

Notes Description Intussusception usually appears in healthy babies without any demonstrable cause. Intussusception is a process in which a segment of intestine invaginates or telescopes into the adjoining intestinal lumen, causing bowel obstruction. It occurs most commonly at the juncture of the ileum and the colon, although it can appear elsewhere in the intestinal tract. The invagination […]

Hydrocele Nursing Management

Notes Image credit to : Stanford Children’s Health Description Few of the genitourinary conditions may affect the infant in the first year of life. A hydrocele is a collection of peritoneal fluid that accumulates in the scrotum through a small passage called the processus vaginalis. This processus is a finger-like projection in the inguinal canal through which […]