– A Program to Address the Problem ……………… 1 answer below »

Assignment.Remember to keep a copy for your records. Use a separate page for each question and include references from the readings and any supplemental materials.1. Explain the relative benefits of the following models to describe diabetic disease causation: the epidemiological triangle the web of causation 2. The following data describe a regional population for 1994:Population numbers(by age group) Males Females Total 0–4 years 50,841 49,014 99,855 5–9 41,837 39,945 81,782 10–14 37,564 36,051 73,615 15–19 34,538 33,944 68,482 20–24 31,377 31,236 62,613 25–29 31,113 31,147 62,260 30–34 30,349 29,993 60,342 35–39 29,789 29,096 58,885 40–44 28,786 28,162 56,948 45–49 27,070 25,511 52,581 50–54 23,739 21,110 44,849 55–59 20,153 17,023 37,176 60–64 16,366 14,476 30,842 65–69 15,244 12,964 28,208 70–74 14,139 11,149 25,288 75–79 10,346 7,613 17,959 80+ 7,649 6,466 14,115 Total 450,900 424,900 875,800 Number of deaths by age(all causes) Males Females Total 0–1 year 205 151 356 1–4 43 32 75 5–9 30 42 72 10–19 202 73 275 20–29 339 104 443 30–39 290 143 433 40–49 492 268 760 50–59 1180 643 1823 60–69 2103 1197 3300 70–74 1288 840 2128 75+ 3529 3913 7442 Total 9701 7406 17,107 number of live births 12,393 From the above data, calculatea. the crude death rate.b. the age specific death rate for each age group.c. the sex specific death rate for all ages.d. the infant mortality rate.3. The following data describe the mortality experience of the same regional population by cause of death.Females Age 0–4 yrs 5–19 20–69 70+ Total infectious diseases 47 0 172 679 898 cancer 3 23 689 453 1168 nervous system 2 0 0 75 77 circulatory diseases 12 0 690 3315 4017 respiratory diseases 12 23 115 80 230 accidents 6 0 287 70 363 other 101 69 402 81 653 Total 183 115 2355 4753 7406 Males Age 0–4 yrs 5–19 20–69 70+ Total infectious diseases 37 9 409 745 1200 cancer 9 0 497 688 1194 nervous system 14 15 29 41 99 circulatory diseases 6 0 438 2998 3442 respiratory diseases 28 13 146 120 307 accidents 23 180 526 115 844 other 131 15 58 110 314 Total 248 232 2103 4817 7400 From the above data, calculate the age–cause–specific death rates for males and females.4. Explain the difference between the incidence ofDIABETESin a population, and the prevalence of diabetes in the same population. Which measure do you think is the more useful indicator of diabetes? Why?5. What are the most important causes of death in Canada as measured by age–sex–cause specific death rates and potential years of life lost? Explain the difference.6. How does the mortality experience of Indians differ from that of the general population in Canada?7. Give two examples each of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention activities. Explain the differences between each level of prevention.8. Discuss three situations in which the opportunity to be healthy depends in part on conditions that are beyond the individual’s power to provide for and control.9. Briefly describe the seven essential steps in the development of a preventive program.APPLYthese steps to a brief description of a public health program that is not related to HIV infection.10. Using the information provided below, answer the specific questions in italics.You have been asked to investigate an outbreak ofGASTROINTESTINALillness among students at a university residence. On the evening of Day 1, 411 students were living in the residence.All food is prepared in the residence kitchen. Due to the quantity of food required, some dishes are prepared in advance and refrigerated. Breakfast is served from 0700–0800, lunch from 1100–1200, dinner from 1700–1830.Between 22:30 on Day 1 and 08:00 on Day 2, 47 students visited the infirmary complaining of gastrointestinal illness. Physicians were notified and came at once to examine the afflicted students. Specimens of stool and vomitus were collected from those presenting with symptoms of diarrhea and vomiting.It soon became apparent that the outbreak involved considerably more students than the number who sought help. Questionnaires were quickly prepared and distributed to all of the students to determine the nature and extent of the outbreak. The 304 questionnaires which were returned revealed 110 cases of gastroenteritis.a. Calculate the attack rate for the residence based on preliminaryDATA COLLECTEDin the infirmary.b. Among the students returning the questionnaire, what proportion developed gastroenteritis?c. Calculate the ratio of attack rates as determined by the questionnaire and the information from the nursing station.d. What might explain the apparent difference?11. Compare the incidence and prevalence of infectious andPARASITICdiseases, pneumonia, and infections of the central nervous system in Indians and the general population of Canada. Explain the differences.12. Contrast the mortality of Indian populations from accidents and injuries with the pattern in Canada as a whole.13. Construct a “Haddon’s Matrix” for burns in children.Quiz 2 – StrategiesIn Quiz 1, you wrote about Diabetics prevention, and outlined its dimensions. As you complete this Quiz, you will identify alternative ways of addressing Diabetics, and will select a single strategy for implementation.Please answer the following questions. Again, be prepared to discuss your sources of information with yourTUTOR. What strategies can be undertaken to prevent the problem and health related consequences? What are the strengths and weaknesses of each strategy? For each strategy, with whom you would form alliances and to whom you would go for information? Select one among your alternative strategies, and indicate the reasons for your choice. Submit your Quiz using the assignment link to initiate discussion about your answers to the questions listed above.Type no more than three pages of double-spaced text (font size 12) for this Quiz.YourTUTORmay ask additional questions designed to tease out further information, or may make suggestions for further research.Quiz 3 – A Program to Address the ProblemYou should now be able to outline a particular prevention or health promotion program to address Diabetics, and using the strategy you selected in Quiz 2.1. Describe your program in terms ofa. its goals.b. its objectives.c. the resources required (personnel, materials, etc.).d. the target group.2. How will the program be evaluated; that is, what outcome or process variables will be used to measure success of the program?Submit your Quiz using the assignment link to initiate discussion about your answers to the questions listed above.Type no more than three pages of double-spaced text (font size 12) for this Quiz.14. Discuss the principles you would use to determine whether a screening program should be implemented for a specific health problem. In your answer, you should discuss the concepts of sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value, and should suggest criteria on which an implementation decision could be based.

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