A nursing theories are sets of connected ideas that suggest action govern practice. A nursing hypothesis on the other hand is group of ideas, explanations, connections, and suggestions obtained from nursing models or from different fields to show a resolute, structured view of events by designing particular interconnection among ideas with intentions of defining, explaining, projecting, and recommending. Kerlinger nursing theories as a group of interconnected ideas that provides a structured view of an occurrence that is illustrative and predictive in nature. nursing theories are made of ideas, explanations, models, concepts and speculations.
Methods through which nursing theories are developed
- Deductive reasoning
- Inductive reasoning
To develop nursing theories, a theorists apply the two methods. Nursing theories are” Strive to define the events called nursing”. Theories belong to professional nursing.
Theory is “an inventive and accurate arrangement of concepts that that shows a tentative, determined and structured view of events”
A theory facilitates “Arrangement of connections between the ideas to define, explain, project and manage practice”
In today’shealth sector, a nursing theories help nurses by providing several various plans and advances to giving patients maximum care. Since modern nurse instructors train the potential cohorts of nurses, they are accountable for providing the potential nurses with important elements of the foremost concepts; this is to help the nurses use the methods that well suit the patient care requirements. Below are five nursing theories and a few of leading advancements applied, providing important awareness that allow every patients personal health care requirements and interests.
This nursing theory is based on trusting that care and culture, are a strong construct that is important to health and growth, Leininger established the culture theory when she was still active in her profession as a qualified nursing, instructor, writer, leader and a well-known person publicly. It is also called the theory of cross-cultural nursing. This is to assist nurses and nurse instructors generate practical, new, and extensive care practices that impactful serve the specific cultural requirements of the sick patients, Leininger arranged the culture care nursing theory in the following four main pillars:
- Although culture care exercises are naturally extensive, there are several global features and similarities that happen again within the designs and articulations of care.
- Culture care is greatly impacted by appropriate aspects of a personal global view, cultural history, language, surrounding context, and community arrangement. These elements critically impact individual patterns that can be used to foretell health, growth, illness, and how individual behaves when approached with various care ideas, like disorder and death.
A personal’s culture-based concepts of care, medicine, and health elements can hugely impact health results.
Humanistic nursing theory
This nursing theory concentrates on human point of nursing. It was discovered by two doctors Josephine and Lorreta in the early 1960s. It was based on their eagerness to blend nursing with phenomenological and subjective philosophies. The two doctors were certain that, through evaluating their own personal experiences and individually bonding with patients, it would enable clinical nurses to come up with new concepts that could in future become important guides for coming nursing acre experts.
To concentrate on the general human encounters when handling a patient, a nurse is supposed to take care of the patient more than simply a number-the nurse requires to bond with the sick person in social way to generate the best care plan. This calls for talking with the patient, for the nurse to connect their individual and emotional aspects with patients’ consequent perspective so as to create a complete understanding of the patients’ medical condition.
Below are three ideas of humanistic nursing theory, nursing professors can assist nurse know how to properly explain themselves, their tasks, and their connection with patients and co-workers to make sure that their arranged treatments plans are responsible for the individual and emotional perspective of all involved party:
Need Nursing Theory
A well decorated nurse by the name of Virginia Henderson committed her nursing profession to helping fellow nurses who were generating their own theories. In the nursing need theory is where we can get her great view of nursing. Need nursing theory focuses on improving a patient’s individual freedom while in hospital aiding their recovery. By including Virginia’s nursing need theory in their curriculum, tutors can educate their nurses how to generate practical therapeutic strategies that add a sick person’s individual energy, creating a space for the patient to recover slowly and become independent and finally get back their strength to care for themselves. Need nursing theory is split into 4 parts that are classified as:
- Social needs
Social need entails achievements and enjoyment activities
Psychological needs entails sensation, communication, and controlling fears
Spiritual needs entail faith and worship
Physiological needs entail sleeping, dressing, eating and the surroundings
This nursing theory was conceived by a famous American nursing philosopher and instructor called Dorothea Orem, the theory educates the nurses to help ill people in boosting their proficiency to carry out self-care activities. Because of this theory, self can be defined efforts that people do to sustain their individual health and safety. So as to impactful put into practice, nursing instructors should use three correlative nursing theories:
Individual care nursing theory is focused on the global normal individual care procedure that many people are always capable of doing. Samples of these global procedures are breathing in enough air, water and nourishment, preventing subjection to risks, and boosting growth among social groups.
As people grow and experience sickness, injury, or illness, this list escalates to comprise specific illness individual care procedure like looking for medical care.
Individual care deficit nursing theory
The above theory concentrates on occasions where an individual will not be able to do constant self-care. Dorothea came up with the following ways of helping patients who are not able to meet their own individual needs:
- Acting on behalf of the patient
- Offering guidance to the patients
- Helping the patients
- Giving the patients a surrounding that facilitates their recovery
- Teaching patients how to deal with challenges that they might encounter in the future
The theory of nursing systems
According to this theory there are three systems applied to know when an individual require nursing care:
- Complete reimbursing nursing systems- This structure help people who are completely not able to take care of themselves, hence, their safety totally depends on others.
- Incomplete reimbursing nursing systems-Here, both the nurse and the ill person has a duty to fulfill in taking personal care.
- Supportive-educative nursing systems- In this theory, the patient can fully perform the crucial self-care duties, but require functional guidance from a nursing care expert
There are two pairs of ideas that are often related and important o nursing theory:
Person: This is the person who gets the nursing care and might include a person, sick person, society, and families.
Health: this can be defined as the level of kindness or safety that the customer encounters. It might have different meaning for every patient, the clinical environment, and the person providing the health care.
Environment: This can be termed as the internal and external environments that impact the customer. It comprises all the advantages and disadvantages issues that impact the patient, the visible surroundings, like families, fiancées, and the facilities where they get their health services.
Nursing: This shows attributes, traits, and actions of the health practitioner offering care on behalf of or together with, the customer. There are many explanations of what nursing is, although students might not accept the explanation, the main goal of nursing concepts is boost the patient care.
The nursing theories are very crucial when it comes to structuring, comprehending, and use of diabetes patient education. A scientist by the name Imogene King is among the nursing theorist whose contribution to the nursing discipline was very important. His theory is crucial in the health care of diabetic patients and abidance to treatment.
In my field the most applied nursing theory is the King’s theory, which aims at care of grownups who are suffering from diabetes mellitus. His theory is built on correlation and therapeutic connection between the nurse and the ill person. Based on Mohsen and Mahsa, this nursing theory is built on four major components. According to king, health is achieved through suitable relationship between the nurse and the patient; a beneficial existence of the nurse and the patient is important. The nurse and the patient are supposed to exist mutually, and the nurse is supposed to be the person cultivating the relationship between them both.
Review of nursing theories
Currently, nursing care is a connection that spreads from the patient to the family members of the nurses. There is a belief that this relationship boosts patient satisfaction and creates a free communication. Nurses are supposed to follow every procedure of the nursing process. The procedures are tests, diagnosing, arranging, implementation and assessment.
King believed that, nursing process is important since the nurses can set goals and work toward s achieving them. This will help them work hard to get positive results. According to King People are open systems, where our ambitions, goals and needs are completely different from each other’s and they are directly impacted by the culture. It is important for nurses to consider when they are setting targets for the ill people.
APRNs applying nursing theories
A research conducted on nursing health care experts who are following their professions in nursing are supposed to depend on nursing theories as a basis of everyday practice for both small and large scale, from the ill person’s bedside to the society health nursing.
A famous article writer in 2018 said that the impact of well-established hospitals vitalizes the application of nursing theories to getting good patient results. According to her when relatives of or the patient him/herself wants to know what the nurses do they can cite nursing theories of leading them in their careers.
Nearly all the nurses in top universities who are pursuing their careers to become nursing instructors apply the theories to lead them in every angle of their nursing academic profession. When studying for a master’s degree in nursing academic online, students are taught about academic theories in nursing as a structure for every potential healthcare service. Our nursing theories writing will help you with your nursing theory assignment. Just place an order with us and you will get the value of your value.
Importance of nursing theories for DNPs
Precisely, nursing theories explains the roles of nurses and the process they use to do it. The structure given by different nursing theories assists form the framework of providing patient care. If we lack these nursing theories in place, the idea of nursing will not have a straightforward concentration; an idea that reflects back to the patient and giving a solution to their health related requirements. Doctors of nursing practice are supposed to apply these theories to assist format care delivery plans for a health care center in various ways that are in hand with various expected results.
While major theories can assist create a bigger structure, central range and practice standard theories gives way for the rule of given forms of nurses or specific health care settings. An active point of reference is the Neuman Systems Model; this theory is name a well-known nursing theorist Betty Nueman. The theory was generated from an idea of treating the patient well, based on a belief that a patient’s different requirements can impact their entire nature. The theory is mainly used by psychiatrists to treat an extensive range of mental patients from mental illness including schizophrenia.
The following theory is the child health evaluation theory that was generated by Kathryn E. Bernard, the creator of children mental health researcher. Her theory prioritizes the nurses, the environment, and the infant the important influencers of the parent-child connection, and accepts that flexible characters can further impact this positively. PNPs and FNPs use this theory to generate treatment plans, like use of locked chairs in hospital nurseries, that aid provide a comfortable surrounding that enables parent child bonding
Specializing in Nursing with Bachelors of Science in Nursing to Doctor Nursing Process
Nursing theories are an inseparable section of nurses’ career life; Regardless of the field of patient care you have specialized in. Nursing theories exist to generate the rules of both extensive and specialized nursing practices. If you are aspiring to use these theories connected with developed practice nursing should have a set of skills developed enough to successfully change these theories into practice.
Many universities and colleges around the world have BSN and NPP programs that help students acquire leadership, logical, and communication skills through a strong system that digs deep into nursing theories and important nursing ideas. In addition, the program provides five expertise that can assist developed practice nurses concentrate their skills to theories connected with certain aspects of nursing. Below is list of the expertise:
- Family: In this profession, students get the skills of treating patients from all age sets
- Women health: Those in this discipline are tasked with offering care to women, this comprises all women health care problems
- Psychiatric mental health: This profession offers care to people suffering from mental health through expertise connected to psychotherapy
- Pediatrics: This profession concentrates on meeting the health requirements of children, from infants to youths.
- Adult Gerontology: Those in this specialization focus on providing care to the aging, acute illness, and end-of-life scenarios.
Putting theory into practice
Theories that provide direction to nursing concepts are equally essential to delivery of health care services. The nursing theories however, will only give top standard health services if the nursing experts are proficient and skilled enough to work successfully within their boundaries. Get to know more about how BSN and DNP programs assist students from universities and colleges across the globe to bring nursing theories into service-and assist boost health results for patients, their relatives, and the society.
History of nursing theories
The initial nursing theories came up in the late 1800s and a strong stress was brought up on nursing education.
- In 1860, A well know nurse Florence Nightingale explained nursing in her “environmental theory” like “ the process of using the surroundings of the sick person to assist him in recovery”
- In 1950s, there was an agreement between nursing students that nursing required to verify itself via the development of its own scientifically assessed body of knowledge.
- In 1952, a nurse by the name Hildegard presented her theory of interpersonal theory relations that adds stress on the nurse and patient connection as the basis of nursing process.
- In 1955, a professional nurse Henderson assumed the nursing’s responsibility as helping patients to get freedom in meeting 14 crucial requirements, thus her nursing need theory was established.
- In 1960, a writer Faye Abdellah publicized her art “21 varieties of nursing challenges” that changed the concentration of nursing from an illness-focused approach to an illness-focused approach.
- In 1962, a nurse Orlando Jean stressed the correspondent connection among sick people and nurse and saw the career role of nursing as getting out and meeting the sick person’s immediate requirement for assistance.
- In 1968, a famous nurse Dorothy Johnson developed the behavioral system model and endorsed the advancing of impactful and successful behavioral operating in the sick person to prevent sickness
- In 1970, a nurse Martha Rogers saw nursing as science and craft as it gives a channel to view the sole human being, who is fundamental with the world.
- In 1971, a nurse Dorothea said in her nursing theory that nursing care is needed if the patient is not able to meet biological, fundamental, or social requirements
- In 197, a theory by Imogene King’s of achievement of goal that says the nurse is part of the sick persons surroundings and the connection between a nurse and the patient is or fulfilling goals towards good health
- In 1972, a theorist Betty Neuman said in her theory that different requirements exist, and each might obstruct patient balance or firmness.
- In 1979, a nurse Sr. Callista Roy observed the personal as a set of connected systems who seeks to sustain the stability among different stimuli.
- In 1979, a famous nurse called Jean Watson established the ideologies of caring emphasized humanistic angles of nursing as the entwined with scientific comprehension and nursing process.