Carbon-14 is produced in the earth’s upper atmosphere at a very predictable rate when atmospheric…

Carbon-14 is produced in the earth’s upper atmosphere at a
very predictable rate when atmospheric nitrogen molecules (N2) are broken down
by cosmic rays to produce an unstable isotope of carbon called Carbon-14. This
involves Nitrogen-14 absorbing a free neutron and converting itself into
Carbon-14 in the process. Part 1: Based on your knowledge of nuclear processes,
write down the equation that governs this reaction. Part 2: If the Baryon
number is conserved, is the atomic number increased or decreased in this
reaction, and what particle must be emitted by the Carbon-14 nucleus? Part 3:
Assuming that Carbon-14 has a half-life of 5730 years, what is average
life of the Carbon-14 produced in this process? Part 4: What is the value of
the decay constant for Carbon-14, and what units does it have?

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