CASE STUDY: Mary Jones was working at the press bending machine when she suddenly felt Severe pain in the lower right side of her body. She yelled for the shop foreman who immediately called emergency services. Upon arrival to the local hospital emergency room (ER) , she was rushed to the examination room.The triage nurse evaluated Mary’s pain. Mary had signed a release form at the start of this process to allow Mr. Jones (Mary’s husband had met them at the hospital) to complete the necessary paperwork. While filling out forms, Mr. Jones had informed the intake clerk that he currently is unemployed, and they do not have health insurance. Mary’s employer doesn’t offer healthcare insurance. The clerk asked what other means will they have to demonstrate their ability to pay for services. Mr. Jones had informed the clerk that they do have some personal savings that should be enough to pay for services. Mr. Jones then signed an agreement to pay for all charges incurred.