The United States air traffic control system, managed by the
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), provides the necessary guidance for
aircraft to fly safely between and origin– destination pair. The current system
utilizes a series of radar towers throughout the United States that communicate
navigational assistance to pilots while in the air. These towers are placed
strategically in the United States so aircraft can fly in a relatively straight
line from Point A to Point B. Aircraft must fly within a certain distance of
these towers to remain in constant contact. This is a disadvantage since it
allows basically one route between two points, allowing for only one type of
aircraft to utilize that route. However, within the route, multiple aircraft
can operate but at different altitudes.
The FAA is implementing the NextGen Technology to replace
the aging radar system. It will be fully implemented by January 1, 2020.
NextGen utilizes GPS satellite technology to allow multiple routes and
elevations between two points for an aircraft.
1. In your opinion, what impact could NextGen have on
airspace congestion, especiallyin the Northeast Corridor?
2. Would NextGen have a positive or negative impact on
3. What impacts might NextGen have on aircraft efficiency
and fuel consumption?
4. Are there any negative impacts from the implementation of